Oct 22, 2021
Brazil Soy Benefitted From Good Weather During Early October
Author: Michael Cordonnier/Soybean & Corn Advisor, Inc.
The weather in Brazil during the first half of October was very beneficial for soybean planting. Widespread rains improved the soil moisture in nearly all the major soybean producing areas of Brazil. As of late last week, the soybean planting in Brazil was 22% compared to 8% last year and 16% average. This is in direct contrast to October of 2020 when widespread dry weather delayed Brazil's soybean planting.
Center-West Brazil - During the first half of October, the state of Mato Grosso receive an average of 27.2 mm (1.1 inches) of precipitation and the state of Mato Grosso do Sul received 54 mm (2.1 inches). The two states are expected to receive up to 3-4 inches of precipitation during the last 10 days of October. Rainfall in the state of Goias was not as generous during the first half of October, but it was still enough for farmers to start planting their soybeans. Goias is forecasted to receive heavier amounts of precipitation during the last 10 days of October.
Southern Brazil - The state of Parana received up to 7 inches of precipitation or more during the first half of October with the heavier amounts in the western half of the state. Soybean planting was delayed in localized areas due to wet conditions. The second half of October is expected to be much dryer with only limited rainfall, but the soil moisture should remain adequate for continued planting. The state of Rio Grande do Sul has received less rainfall compared to Parana, but the soil moisture is still adequate for planting.
Sao Paulo State - After a long dry season, the state received ample rainfall during the first half of October resulting in above normal soil moisture which is beneficial for sugarcane, coffee, and the planting of soybeans. The forecast is calling for continued rainfall through the end of October.
Northeastern Brazil - The summer rains usually arrive last in northeastern Brazil. The forecast is calling for heavier amounts of rainfall to move into northeastern Brazil over the next few days which will facilitate the start of soybean and cotton planting.