Jun 13, 2022

Brazil Expected to Produce Record Large Wheat Crop in 2022

Author: Michael Cordonnier/Soybean & Corn Advisor, Inc.

Farmers in Brazil are in the midst of planting their 2022 wheat crop, which is expected to be a record large production. Strong international wheat prices is the incentive for Brazilian farmers to increase their anticipated wheat acreage. The two largest wheat producing states in Brazil are Rio Grande do Sul and Parana.

The southernmost state of Rio Grande do Sul is expected to be Brazil's largest wheat producing state in 2022. Emater is estimating that farmers in the state will increase their wheat acreage 15% from 1.22 million hectares in 2021 (3.0 million acres) to 1.4 million hectares (3.4 million acres) in 2022. The 2022 wheat yield is estimated at 2,822 kg/ha (42.0 bu/ac), which is down 2.1% compared to last year. The total 2022 wheat production in the state is estimated at 4.0 million tons, which is up 12.5% from last year's production of 3.5 million tons.

Parana farmers have planted 65% of their anticipated 1.17 million hectares of wheat in 2022 (2.8 million acres) and the wheat is rated 3% average and 97% good. The Department of Rural Economics (Deral) is estimating that the wheat production in Parana will be just short of 4 million tons. The wheat in Parana is planted between April and July and harvested between September and December.

Conab is estimating that Brazil will produce 8.35 million tons of wheat in 2022, which is up 8.8% from the 7.6 million tons produced in 2021. If verified, this would be a record large wheat crop for Brazil. The wheat acreage in Brazil is expected to increase 5.4% in 2022. The domestic demand for wheat in 2022 is estimated at 14.2 million tons and Brazil is expected to import 6.5 million tons. Most of Brazil's wheat imports are from neighboring Argentina.