May 02, 2023

2023 U.S. Planting - Corn 26% Planted, Soybeans 19% Planted

Author: Michael Cordonnier/Soybean & Corn Advisor, Inc.

Weather - Rainfall over the weekend generally favored the northern and eastern Corn Belt. Cool and dry weather is expected across most of the central Corn Belt this week which will aid planting but slow germination and emergence. Warmer weather is forecasted for the weekend and into next week across the central U.S. with wetter weather returning in the 6-10 day period.

Corn - The 2023 U.S. corn is 26% planted compared to 13% last year and 26% average. This represents an advance of 12% for the week. The most rapid planting pace continues to be in the southern locations with Missouri 80% (41% average), Tennessee 60% (46% average), and Kentucky 52% (36% average). In the central Corn Belt, Illinois leads with 40% planted (29% average), Nebraska 30% (29% average), Iowa 29% (34% average), Indiana 20% (15% average), and Ohio 10% (7% average). In the northern states, Minnesota is 5% planted (23% average), Michigan 2% (7% average), South Dakota 1% (10% average), and North Dakota 0% (3% average).

Corn planting is significantly ahead of average in the southern locations, somewhat ahead of average in the eastern Corn Belt, about average in the western Corn Belt, and behind average in the northern Corn Belt. Corn emergence is 6% compared to 3% last year and 5% average. While planting continues about average, the corn emergence will probably start to lag due to the cool temperatures.

Soybeans - The 2023 U.S. soybean crop is 19% planted compared to 7% last year and 11% average. This represents an advance of 10% for the week. The soybean planting was also more advanced in the southern areas with Louisiana 59% (39% average), Mississippi 43% (38% average), Arkansas 43% (23% average), Tennessee 23% (8% average), and Kentucky 27% (12% average). In the central Corn Belt, Illinois is 39% (15% average), Indiana 18% (9% average), Iowa 16% (15% average), Nebraska 16% (13% average), and Ohio 14% (5% average. In the northern states, Michigan is 6% (7% average), Wisconsin is 3% (5% average), Minnesota is 1% (8% average), South Dakota 0% (3% average), and North Dakota 0% (0% average).

The soybean planting is outperforming the corn planting thus far with only the northern states behind average.

Frost damage to emerged corn and soybeans - Temperatures dropped into the 20's °F across Illinois last week and there are reports of freeze damage to emerged corn and soybeans in Illinois. The damage was extensive enough that some of the soybeans will have to be replanted.

The extent of the damage to the corn is yet to be determined. There are reports of the above ground leaves being killed, but the growing point for corn remains below grown until about the V5 stage (five leaves), so it is uncertain if the growing point was killed or not. It will probably take until the end of this week before growers can determine if they need to replant some of their corn and soybeans. There is still plenty of time to plant, but it will increase their costs.